The aquatic ecosystem is very important for our living. Many species depend on it for food and habitat. The aquatic ecosystem often changes due to different factors. Nature and human activities can cause these changes. The researchers have conducted research works on all these.
They found out the factors that affect the aquatic ecosystem include the following.
Beavers can affect the aquatic ecosystem through feeding and building dams. The beaver can change its environment and form a new habitat. If you remove beavers, the other species will be affected as they depend on the habitat created by the beavers.
A flood can affect the ecosystem. When there is a flood, nutrient-rich sediments are deposited in the river banks. Some vegetation is washed into the river that becomes the source of food for some aquatic organisms. A flood can increase the water level. When there is too much flood, aquatic organisms may need to rebuild a habitat for themselves as their previous habitat gets destroyed.
Various kinds of human activities can affect the aquatic ecosystem. Discharges from the paper mills or other industries affect the water and thus the aquatic ecosystem. It results in bioaccumulation when contaminants enter into organisms and get stored.
Agriculture and forestry also have an impact on the aquatic ecosystem. Climate change is also the result of human activities and this change can eventually negatively affect marine life and put them in danger.
There is nothing we can do about the natural factors that affect the aquatic ecosystem like beavers and floods. But we can control human activities. We must stop pollution and protect our environment. We must prevent climate change from occurring to save marine life.